Abrasions, punctures, and scratches may all be considered eye injuries. Accidents, exposure to chemicals, or foreign bodies in the eye can also cause injury. Some eye ailments may be healed with rest and therapy at home.
What Causes Eye Damage?
A smack in the Face
Damage to the eye, eyelids, and the muscles or bones that surround the eye may be caused by being hit with a hard object such as a rock or fist. If the damage isn’t too severe, you can end up with a black eye or a puffy eyelid. You may also have bleeding inside the eye if the condition is bad enough.
If you take a severe blow, the bones surrounding your eye might be broken. Sometimes the eye muscles may become caught up within the shattered bone, and surgery will be required to liberate them.
It is possible to accidentally scratch the cornea, the transparent dome-like cover that sits over your eye, with a finger, a stick, or another sharp item.
Things like sand, wood chips, metal shavings, and even glass shards can get into your eye. If you get anything sharp in your eye, it may scrape or damage the cornea.
Anything lodged in your eye can cause you to experience discomfort, and it often causes excessive eye watering. When you scratch your cornea, it feels like something is trapped in your eye, and you cannot remove it.
Burns Caused by Chemicals
It’s easy to end up with shampoo, soap, or makeup in your eyes at some point. If your eyes start to burn, rinsing them out with water should alleviate the discomfort. Certain chemicals have the potential to inflict severe burns on the interior of your eyes.
Alkalis, which may be found in oven cleaners, drain cleaners, and fertilizers, are among the most hazardous chemicals. They swiftly target the tissues of the eye, which may lead to damage or even blindness if left untreated. Acids such as bleach and the chemicals used in swimming pools may also cause damage, although they are not as dangerous. The vapors given off by chemicals may irritate.
Seek care from an optometrist, not just a family doctor
Always seek medical attention for any eye injury, whether from your eye doctor, primary care physician, or the emergency room. Anxiety serves no useful purpose and, in most cases, makes the wounded person feel much more anxious than they already are.
In some circumstances, an eye emergency is precisely what its name suggests: an emergency. Even while not all injuries to the eye need urgent medical treatment, there are instances in which an eye injury may put the watch in danger of suffering irreversible damage and even put the patient’s eyesight in jeopardy.
Suppose you find yourself in the vicinity of a child or an adult who has sustained an injury to the eye. In that case, you must maintain your composure and adhere to the instructions of the attending medical staff. If the pain becomes severe, the symptoms grow more powerful, or changes in eyesight are noted, call your doctor as soon as possible.
Eye-implant emergency care
It is crucial to avoid touching or rubbing the eye if a foreign body, such as a tiny particle of sawdust, grain of sand, or blade of grass, becomes lodged in the eye. Additionally, it is best to abstain from attempting to remove the foreign body with your fingers.
A person’s natural tendencies can inflict more significant injury, particularly if the foreign item is lodged in the eyelid. If you try to remove the item from your eye on your own, you risk introducing germs into the eye or making it more difficult to remove the foreign body.